The ICT Lounge
 
Timeline of ICT and Technology
(1940's)
 
1943
- Project Whirlwind
 

Project Whirlwind begins. During World War II, the U.S. Navy approached the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) about building a flight simulator to train bomber crews.

The team first built a large analog computer, but found it inaccurate and inflexible. After designers saw a demonstration of the ENIAC computer, they decided on building a digital computer.

 


1944
- Harvard Mark-1 completed
 

Conceived by Harvard professor Howard Aiken, and designed and built by IBM, the Harvard Mark-1 was a room-sized, relay-based calculator.

The machine had a fifty-foot long camshaft that synchronized the machine’s thousands of component parts.

The Mark-1 was used to produce mathematical tables but was soon superseded by stored program computers.


1945
- EDVAC programming
 

John von Neumann wrote "First Draft of a report on the EDVAC" in which he outlined the architecture of a stored-program computer.

Electronic storage of programming information and data eliminated the need for the more clumsy methods of programming, such as punched paper tape — a concept that has characterized mainstream computer development since 1945.

 


1948
- IBM SSEC
 

IBM´s Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator computed scientific data in public display near the company´s Manhattan headquarters.

Before its decommissioning in 1952, the SSEC produced the moon-position tables used for plotting the course of the 1969 Apollo flight to the moon.