The ICT Lounge
 
Timeline of ICT and Technology
(1960's)
 
1962
- First interactive computer game
 

MIT students Slug Russell, Shag Graetz, and Alan Kotok wrote SpaceWar!, considered the first interactive computer game.

First played at MIT on DEC´s PDP-1, the large-scope display featured interactive, shoot´em-up graphics that inspired future video games.

Dueling players fired at each other´s spaceships and used early versions of joysticks to manipulate away from the central gravitational force of a sun as well as from the enemy ship.


1964
- First networked computers
 

IBM announced the System/360, a family of six mutually compatible computers and 40 peripherals that could work together.

The initial investment of $5 billion was quickly returned as orders for the system climbed to 1,000 per month within two years.

 

 


1964
- BASIC programming language
 

Thomas Kurtz and John Kemeny created BASIC, an easy-to-learn programming language, for their students at Dartmouth College.

BASIC was the forerunner for the advanced programming languages in use today.

 

 


1967
- LOGO invented
 

Seymour Papert designed LOGO as a computer language for children. Initially a drawing program, LOGO controlled the actions of a mechanical "turtle", which traced its path with pen on paper.

Electronic turtles made their designs on a video display monitor.

 


1969
- First UNIX operating system
 

UNIX combined many of the timesharing and file management features offered by Multics, from which it took its name.

Multics, a project of the mid1960s, represented the first effort at creating a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system.

 


1969
- First computer controlled robot
 

Victor Scheinman´s Stanford Arm made a breakthrough as the first electrically powered, computer-controlled robot arm.

By 1974, the Stanford Arm could assemble a Ford Model T water pump, guiding itself with optical and contact sensors.

Scheinman went on to design the PUMA series of industrial robots for Unimation, robots used for automobile assembly and other industrial tasks.