The ICT Lounge
 
Timeline of ICT and Technology
(1980's)
 
1980
- First hard disk drive (HDD)
 

Seagate Technology created the first hard disk drive for microcomputers, the ST506. The disk held 5 megabytes of data, five times as much as a standard floppy disk, and fit in the space of a floppy disk drive.

The hard disk drive itself is a rigid metallic platter coated on both sides with a thin layer of magnetic material that stores digital data.

Seagate quickly drew such big-name customers as Apple Computer and IBM. Within a few years, it had sold 4 million units.

 


1981
- MS-DOS released
 

The MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System) basic software for the newly released IBM PC, established a long partnership between IBM and Microsoft, which Bill Gates and Paul Allen had founded only six years earlier.

 

 


1982
- Commodore 64 released
 

Commodore introduces the Commodore 64.

The C64, as it was better known, sold for $595, came with 64KB of RAM and featured impressive graphics. Thousands of software titles were released over the lifespan of the C64.

By the time the C64 was discontinued in 1993, it had sold more than 22 million units and is recognized by the 2006 Guinness Book of World Records as the greatest selling single computer model of all time.

 


1984
- Apple Macintosh launched
 

Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the first successful mouse-driven computer with a graphical user interface, with a single $1.5 million commercial during the 1984 Super Bowl.

Based on the Motorola 68000 microprocessor, the Macintosh included many features at an affordable price of $2,500.

Applications that came as part of the package included MacPaint, which made use of the mouse, and MacWrite.

 


1986
- Pixar is founded
 

Pixar is founded. Pixar was originally called the Special Effects Computer Group at Lucasfilm (launched in 1979).

The group created the computer animated segments of films such as “Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.”

In 1986, Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs paid 10 million dollars to Lucasfilm to purchase the Group and renamed it Pixar. Over the next decade, Pixar made highly successful (and Oscar-winning) animated films. It was bought by Disney in 2006.

 


1988
- First computer virus
 

Robert Morris´ worm flooded the ARPANET.

23-year-old Morris, the son of a computer security expert for the National Security Agency, sent a nondestructive worm through the Internet, causing problems for about 6,000 of the 60,000 hosts linked to the network.

Morris was sentenced to three years of probation, 400 hours of community
service, and a fine of $10,050.

 


1989
- First simulator game
 

Maxis released SimCity, a video game that helped launch of series of simulators.

Maxis cofounder Will Wright built on his childhood interest in plastic models of ships and airplanes, eventually starting up a company with Jeff Braun and designing a computer program that allowed the user to create his own city.

A number of other Sims followed in the series, including SimEarth, SimAnt, and SimLife.