The ICT Lounge
 
Timeline of ICT and Technology
(1990's)
 
1990
- World Wide Web is born
 

The World Wide Web (www) was born when Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, developed HyperText Markup Language.

HTML, as it is commonly known, allowed the Internet to expand into the World Wide Web, using specifications he developed such as URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol).

A browser, such as Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer, follows links and sends a query to a server, allowing a user to view a site.

 


1990
- Windows 3.0 is launched
 

Microsoft shipped Windows 3.0 on May 22. Compatible with DOS programs, the first successful version of Windows finally offered good enough performance to satisfy PC users.

For the new version, Microsoft revamped the interface and created a design that allowed PCs to support large graphical applications for the first time.

Microsoft released Windows amid a $10 million publicity blitz.

 


1993
- First Person Shooter games introduced (FPS)
 

“Doom” is released. id Software released Doom in late 1993.

An immersive first-person shooter-style game, Doom became popular on many different platforms before losing popularity to games like Halo and Counter-Strike.

Doom players were also among the first to customize the game’s levels and appearance. Doom would spawn several sequels and a 2005 film.

 

 


1993
- First Graphical Internet Browser
 

The Mosaic web browser is released. Mosaic was the first commercial software that allowed graphical access to content on the internet.

Mosaic was designed by Eric Bina and Marc Andreessen at the University of Illinois’s National Center for Supercomputer Application. Mosaic was originally designed for a Unix system running x—windows.

By 1994, Mosaic was available for several other operating systems such as the Mac OS, Windows and AmigaOS.


1994
- Yahoo is founded
 

Yahoo is founded. Founded by Stanford graduate students Jerry Yang and David Filo, Yahoo started out as "Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web" before being renamed.

Yahoo originally resided on two machines, Akebono and Konishiki, both named after
famous Sumo wrestlers.

Yahoo would quickly expand to become one of the Internet’s most popular search engines.


1996
- The launch of Hotmail
 

Hotmail, founded by Sabeer Bhatia and Jack Smith, is commercially launched on Independence Day in the United States, symbolically representing freedom from Internet service providers.

Hotmail is now owned and operated by Microsoft.

 


1998
- Windows 98 released
 

Microsoft released Windows 98. Some U.S. attorneys tried to block its release since the new O/S interlaces with other programs such as Microsoft Internet Explorer and so effectively closes the market of such software to other companies.

The main selling points of Windows '98 were its support for USB and its support for disk partitions greater than 2 GB.

 

 


1998
- Google launched
 

Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in California.

The domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997, and the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998.

In May 2011, unique visitors of Google surpassed 1 billion for the first time.

Operating revenue in 2010 exceeded $29 billion.